NORTH WEST ITALY
Valle d’Aosta – small, mountainous, high acid local and international varieties.
Piemonte – “Foot of the mountain”, largest DOC/DOCG area, high quality reds
Lombardia – Populous economic center (Milan), wines cater to locals – few exports
NORTH EAST ITALY
Veneto – Largest producer of DOC wines,mixed quality, high export near Verona
Friuli-Venezia Guilia – Many varieties, crisp local and international whites
Abruzzo – East cost – Montepulciano d’Abruzzo and Trebbiano d’Abruzzo
Emilia Romagna – High yields – Emilia plains (Lambrusco) and Romagna (hills in the west)
Tuscany – Cultural center – High quality sub-regions e.g., Chianti, Sangiovese rules.
Veneto – Some outstanding high acid whites (Soave), sparkling Prosecco.
Marche – Catching up, local/authentic styles, Sangiovese, Montepulciano, and Verdicchio.
Lazio – around Rome, Frascati DOC – fresh, simple white, mostly Malvasia
Umbria – Landlocked, high altitude – Sangiovese, international varieties, Sagrantino, Orvieto
SOUTHERN ITALY AND THE ISLANDS
Campania – Warm mediterranean, volcanic, mountains, crisp/unique whites – Fiano, Greco
Puglia – Hot maritime, bulk volume Sangiovese + full bodied reds – Negromaro & Primativo.
Basilicata – Mountainous, small population, poor, low production, Aglianico del Vulture DOCG
Calabria – The toe of the boot – 10,000 ha, Ciro DOC – Giglioppo red – Greco di Bianco white
Sicily – 2nd largest area planted, mostly bulk but increasing quality from the center.
Sardinia – Large island, high potential whites from Vermentino and reds from Cannonau.